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E. M. Carstea, A. Baker, I. Boomer, G. Pavelescu, Continuous fluorescence assessment of organic matter variability on the Bournbrook River, Birmingham, UK, Hydrol. Process. 23 (2009) 1937–1946

 

Title: Continuous fluorescence assessment of organic matter variability on the Bournbrook River, Birmingham, UK

Abstract: Continuous monitoring of dissolved organic matter (DOM) character and concentration at hourly resolution are rare, despite the importance of analysing organic matter variability at high temporal resolution to evaluate river carbon budgeting, river water health by detecting episodic pollution, and to determine short term variations in chemical and ecological function. We report a two week experiment performed on DOM sampled from Bournbrook, Birmingham, UK, an urban river for which spectrophotometric (fluorescence, absorbance), physiochemical (dissolved organic carbon, electrical conductivity, pH) and isotopic (D/H) parameters have been measured at hourly frequency. Our results show that the river had sub-daily variations in both organic matter concentration and characteristics. In particular, after relatively high magnitude precipitation events, organic carbon concentration increased, with an associated increase in intensity of both humic-like and tryptophan-like fluorescence. D/H isotopic ratio demonstrates different hydrological responses to different rainfall events, and organic matter character reflects this difference. Events with precipitation < 2 mm typically yielded isotopically heavy water with relatively hydrophilic DOM and relatively low specific absorbance. Events with precipitation > 2 mm had isotopically lighter water with higher specific absorbance and a decrease in the proportion of microbially - derived to humic-like fluorescence. In our heavily urbanized catchment we interpret these signals as one where riverine DOM is dominated by storm sewer derived, ‘old’ organic matter at low rainfall amounts and a mixed signal at high precipitation amounts where ‘event’ surface runoff derived organic matter dominate over storm sewer and combined sewer overflow routed DOM.

Key words: dissolved organic matter, fluorescence, absorbance, isotope hydrology, urban rivers

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